16 Mushroom Types In Washington State: Edible & Poisonous


There are 16 common mushroom types in Washington State, including chanterelles, hedgehog mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, puffballs, morels, western cauliflower, deathcap, Smith’s anamita, deadly galerina, and false morels.

Mushroom hunting is a popular activity in Washington State, but it is important to know which mushrooms are edible and which are poisonous.

Knowing the difference can prevent serious health issues and even death.

This blog will provide a comprehensive guide to all edible and poisonous mushrooms found in Washington State, including a list of common mushrooms, their characteristics, and tips for identification.

Key Takeaways:

  • Washington State is home to many edible and poisonous mushrooms, and it is important to know which ones are safe to eat.
  • Edible mushrooms in Washington State include chanterelles, oyster mushrooms, morels, and matsutake, among others.
  • Poisonous mushrooms in Washington State include deathcaps, Smith’s anamitas, and deadly galerinas, among others.
  • Symptoms of mushroom poisoning can take several hours to appear, making it difficult to identify the cause of the illness.
  • It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect mushroom poisoning.
  • When mushroom hunting, always use a field guide or an identification app to help you identify mushrooms.
  • Look for mushrooms in wooded areas or open areas.
  • Pay attention to the characteristics of each mushroom, such as color, texture, and aroma.
  • When in doubt, do not eat the mushroom.

Edible Mushrooms in Washington State

Mushroom Types In Washington State

Washington State is home to many edible mushrooms, and it is important to know which ones are safe to eat.

Here is a list of 11 common edible mushrooms found in Washington State, along with their characteristics and tips for identification:

  1. Chanterelles – These mushrooms have a funnel shape and are usually yellow or orange in color. They have a fruity aroma and a mild, nutty flavor. Chanterelles are typically found in wooded areas and grow on the ground near tree roots.
  2. Hedgehog Mushrooms – These mushrooms get their name from their spiky, hedgehog-like appearance and can range in color from white to brown. Hedgehogs are typically found in wooded areas and grow on the ground near tree roots.
  3. Oyster Mushrooms – These mushrooms are usually white or gray in color and have a smooth texture. They can be found growing on trees, stumps, or logs.
  4. Puffballs – These mushrooms are round and white, and they have a spongy texture. They can be found growing on the ground in open areas.
  5. Morels – These mushrooms have a distinctive honeycomb-like appearance and are usually found in wooded areas. They have a nutty, earthy flavor.
  6. Western Cauliflower – These mushrooms have a white, cauliflower-like appearance and are usually found in wooded areas. They have a mild, nutty flavor.
  7. Lobster Mushrooms – These mushrooms have a bright orange-red color and a seafood-like flavor. They are usually found in wooded areas and grow on the ground near tree roots.
  8. King Bolete – These mushrooms have a brown cap and a thick stem. They are usually found in wooded areas and have a nutty, meaty flavor.
  9. Matsutake – These mushrooms have a spicy, cinnamon-like aroma and are usually found in coniferous forests. They have a firm texture and a strong, earthy flavor.
  10. Shaggy Mane – These mushrooms have a shaggy appearance and are usually found in open areas. They have a delicate, nutty flavor.
  11. Chicken of the Woods – These mushrooms have a bright yellow or orange color and a meaty texture. They are usually found growing on trees and have a mild, nutty flavor.

Tips for picking and identifying edible mushrooms:

  • Always use a field guide or an identification app to help you identify mushrooms.
  • Take a quality knife and a basket or bag for your finds.
  • Look for mushrooms in wooded areas or open areas.
  • Pay attention to the characteristics of each mushroom, such as color, texture, and aroma.
  • When in doubt, do not eat the mushroom.

Poisonous Mushrooms in Washington State

While Washington State is home to many edible mushrooms, it is also home to several poisonous mushrooms that can cause serious health issues.

Here is a list of common poisonous mushrooms found in Washington State, along with their characteristics and the dangers of consuming them:

  1. Deathcap (Amanita phalloides) – These mushrooms have a greenish-gray cap and a white stem. They are highly toxic and can cause liver and kidney failure.
  2. Smith’s Anamita (Amanita smithiana) – These mushrooms have a white cap and a white stem. They are highly toxic and can cause severe gastrointestinal symptoms.
  3. Deadly Galerina (Galerina marginata) – These mushrooms have a brown cap and a brown stem. They are highly toxic and can cause liver failure.
  4. Fly Amanita (Amanita muscaria) – These mushrooms have a red cap with white spots and a white stem. They are highly toxic and can cause hallucinations and other neurological symptoms.
  5. False Morel (Gyromitra esculenta) – These mushrooms have a wrinkled, brain-like appearance and are usually brown or reddish-brown in color. They are highly toxic and can cause severe gastrointestinal symptoms.

Dangers of consuming poisonous mushrooms:

  • Poisonous mushrooms can cause serious health issues, including liver and kidney failure, gastrointestinal symptoms, hallucinations, and other neurological symptoms.
  • Symptoms of mushroom poisoning can take several hours to appear, making it difficult to identify the cause of the illness.
  • It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you suspect mushroom poisoning.

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